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dc.contributor.authorGray, Edith
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Ann
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-12T03:02:36Z
dc.date.available2019-12-12T03:02:36Z
dc.date.issued2019-11-17
dc.identifier.citationGray, E., & Evans, A. (2019). Changing education, changing fertility: a decomposition of completed fertility in Australia. Australian Population Studies(2), 1-15
dc.identifier.issn2208-8482
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11343/233578
dc.description.abstractBackground The expansion of education in Australia, particularly for women, is one of the most significant social changes of the last five decades. The relationship between education and fertility has been widely studied, showing that increases in higher education for women are consistently associated with lower fertility. Given the close link between education and fertility, this paper questions what effect the changing educational profile of Australian women has had on overall fertility trends. Aims: This paper investigates the effect of the increase in education on completed fertility by decomposing the change in overall completed fertility into two components: (1) change in completed fertility as a result of the proportion of women in different education categories and, (2) changes in completed fertility of women in each education category. Data and methods: The study uses 2016 Census data on the number of children ever born of five cohorts of women born between 1952 and 1976. Decomposition is used to distinguish the effects of the two components. Results: The educational composition of women in these cohorts is dramatically different, with an increasing number of women having completed tertiary education in later cohorts. Completed fertility has also changed across successive cohorts. We find that for the earliest cohorts most of the decline is due to declines in completed fertility within education categories, but for later cohorts the decline is attributable to increases in the proportion of women with higher levels of education. Conclusions: Despite tertiary education becoming much more common, fertility within this group remains lower than other education groups. While other countries have seen a narrowing of the gap in fertility rates between education groups, this pattern is not found in Australia.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/au/
dc.subjectAustralian Population Studies
dc.titleChanging education, changing fertility: a decomposition of completed fertility in Australia
dc.typeJournal Article
melbourne.affiliation.departmentMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
melbourne.affiliation.facultyMelbourne School of Population and Global Health
melbourne.source.titleAustralian Population Studies
melbourne.source.volume3
melbourne.source.issue2
melbourne.source.pages1-15
melbourne.sorting.key00001
melbourne.contributor.authorGray, Edith
melbourne.contributor.authorEvans, Ann
melbourne.accessrightsOpen Access


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